Talking about the thyroid gland, Dr Tasnim Ahsan (College of Physicians and Surgeons dean) said that its only function was to make thyroxine, a hormone that is required by every cell of the body to function normally.
She maintained that a deficiency of thyroxine leads to slowing of all body processes and weight gain. “An excess of thyroxine production or release leads to opposite effects,” she said, adding that thyroxine deficiency is easily treatable and requires lifelong replacement therapy.
Hypersecretion can be treated either with oral medicines, radioactive iodine or surgery, said Dr Ahsan. “A particular variety of auto-immune thyroid disease called Grave’s disease may also be associated with the involvement of one or both eyes, which may have to be treated independent of the thyroid,” she added.
Natural Treatment for Hypothyroidism
Thyroid cancer occurs when abnormal cells begin to grow in the thyroid gland camera, she explained, adding that thyroid cancer is an uncommon type of cancer. “A doctor should be consulted urgently if there is a rapid enlarging of goitre or nodules in the neck as these may indicate thyroid cancer,” Dr Ahsan maintained.
She pointed out that iodine was an element that was needed for the production of thyroid hormone. “Iodine rich food should be an essential part of people’s diet,” she said, adding that iodine is found in various foods such as fish, milk, yogurt and other dairy products.