Islamabad: High blood pressure or hypertension is the most important modifiable risk factor for coronary heart disease, stroke, heart failure, and end-stage renal disease.
“Hypertension affects approximately 40 percent of adults globally while the ratio in the country is 50 percent. A healthy lifestyle and precautionary approaches to decrease the prevalence of this disease in the Pakistani population is also important,” said health experts at a press conference in connection with the World Hypertension Day on Wednesday.
They said the prevalence of hypertension increases with advancing age. At young ages, the prevalence is higher in males than in females; from age 60, however, the trend is reversed, with prevalence higher in women than in men.
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Terming cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) the number one cause of deaths worldwide, they said these claim 17.3 million lives every year according to estimates of the World Health Organization (WHO), with 80 percent of these deaths in low and middle-income countries. They predicted that over 23 million deaths would occur from CVDs by 2030.
Pakistan Cardiac Society President Prof Muhammad Naeem Aslam said heart failure (HF) is the abnormality of cardiac structure or function leading to failure of the heart to supply blood to organ systems adequately.“It is a chronic condition, which is combined with acute episodes. Approximately 1-2 percent of the adult population suffers from heart failure.
The mortality rate for patients with chronic HF is as high as 50 percent at five years post-diagnosis. Across the globe, 1-4 percent of all hospital admissions attribute heart failure as the primary diagnosis and average length of hospitalization is 5-10 days,” he said.