Dubai: The known types of hepatitis are five that are Hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E. The most commonly observed and well known are hepatitis A, B, and C. While hepatitis D and E are still mostly still being studied.
HEPATITIS A: Hepatitis A is a viral liver disease the causative agent of which is Hepatitis A Virus (HAV). It is the mildest of all the kinds of hepatitis that have been studied. The basic reasons for which this problem rises are poor sanitary conditions and unhygienic living conditions and habits. The disease is contagious and the virus of the disease can travel through the fecal-oral route.
Hepatitis A B C, Fatty Liver and Iron Deficiency
The fecal-oral in layman terms is that if an uninfected person ingests something which has been contaminated by the feces of an infected person. According to the World Health Organization, patients recover from Hepatitis A with a life long immunity while only a very small fraction of people may actually lose their life due to the disease.
HEPATITIS B: Hepatitis B is the type of hepatitis that requires more serious attention than Hepatitis A. It is also a disease of liver but the causing agent of it is Hepatitis B Virus (HBV). This disease has mostly to do with bodily fluids.
The causing virus is transferred by exposure to the infected person’s blood, semen or any other bodily fluids. The most important fact to be kept in mind is that the virus can spread from a pregnant mother to her child during birth.
HEPATITIS C: Hepatitis C is perhaps the most dangerous of the types of hepatitis is known and understood yet. The causing agent of it is Hepatitis C virus (HCV). It is a blood-borne disease meaning it mostly is spread by contamination from even small amounts of blood.
It can be acute to chronic, existing for only for a few weeks to the entire length of life. The acute cases do not show any symptoms and most are not life-threatening. In chronic cases, it may cause permanent damage which does not allow it to work properly known as cirrhosis which along with liver cancer becomes the major reasons for the death of the patient suffering from Hepatitis C.
Hepatitis C is the leading cause of most of the liver transplants although the virus can recur even after the transplant or after going through the treatment. The important point people need to keep in mind is to keep in touch with the doctor even after the treatment which people mostly forget or act carelessly which can bring things back to starting point of the disease in the worst case.
Prevention of Hepatitis: Now that we know, what is Hepatitis, we can work on the prevention. The best and the only defense we have against Hepatitis A and B is the vaccine. The vaccination of the disease is very important since that is the only wall of defense you can put against the disease.
Newborn babies and children should be vaccinated. However, if as a baby you have not been vaccinated against these diseases, it is very important that you get yourself vaccinated now. In some other cases, vaccines of Hepatitis A and B become very important too. dailypakistan