Almost all women have problems with their period from time to time. Whether it be heavy bleeding, irregular bleeding or no bleeding at all, experiencing issues every once in awhile is pretty common. However, sometimes these problems are more serious than they appear to be.
First things first: what exactly is a period? In case your primary school didn’t properly educate you on the subject, a period is the lining of the womb falling away when there is no pregnancy.
A ‘normal’ period comes every 21-35 days and typically lasts for five days. The flow is light for the first day or two, heavier for two to three days and then tails off over a day or two (about five to eight teaspoons per month).
Fatigue, Irregular Menstrual Periods, and Muscle Weakness
Most women have fairly tolerant periods, give or take a few cramps, but it’s important to know when problems can become more serious, what you – and your doctor – can do about them.
1. Heavy bleeding
The most common complaint is of regular, heavy bleeding. This is called menorrhagia or ‘dysfunctional uterine bleeding.’
It is heavy bleeding that occurs during your period, not at other times.
There is often a physical cause such as an enlarged womb due to childbirth (adenomyosis), infection, fibroids (benign lumps of gristle on the muscle of the womb) and polyps.
2. Irregular bleeding
Irregular bleeding, that is no pattern to your loss and varying amounts is less frequent, but it is more important as there can be a sinister cause.
If you have an irregular cycle or experience bleeding in between periods or after intercourse, then an internal examination with a speculum (the instrument used to do a smear test) and a bimanual (internal examination using the fingers) is mandatory.
3. No period at all
A lack of periods is also common. This is when your cycle is longerthan 35 days.
Apart from pregnancy (always check!) the main cause is a condition called ‘polycystic ovaries’ which is where your ovaries do not produce eggs regularly, thus no periods.
Other common causes are excessive weight loss/gain, exercise and stress. source