Breast Self-examination: Breast Cancer Symptoms and Treatment, Dr Isani


London: BREAST cancer is most common in women worldwide. In Asia, Pakistan has the highest incidence of breast cancer. Each year an awareness campaign is launched in October The best way to combat breast cancer is early detection, If you notice any changes in your breasts, such as a new lump or skin changes, consult your doctor.

Mammograms are the best way to find breast cancer early. It doesn’t help prevent cancer, but it can help find cancer early when it’s most treatable. In the following video, Dr. Rufina Soomro and Dr. Nehal from Agha Khan Hospital Karachi Giving awareness about breast cancer. Watch the video for more detail.

Breast Self-examination: Breast Cancer Symptoms and Treatment


Symstoms: There are different symptoms of breast cancer though some people have no symptoms at all. Symptoms can include any change in the size or the shape of the breast, pain in any area of the breast, nipple discharge other than breast milk (including blood) and a new lump in the breast or underarm. If you have any signs that worry you, be sure to consult the doctor right away.

There are steps every person can take to help the body stay as healthy as possible, such as eating a balanced diet, maintaining a healthy weight, get enough sleep, exercising regularly, avoid exposure to chemical that can cause cancer, try to reduce exposure to radiation, breast-feed your babies and limit post-menopausal hormonal therapy. It is necessary that the disease is diagnosed at an early stage so that curative procedures can be undertaken at once.

The FBCSC, which is located in the Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences (Pims), is a project by the Ministry of National Health Services (NHS). The centre provides free mammography services and other breast cancer-related treatment.

Dr Isani said it was astonishing that there were misconceptions about breast cancer even in the capital.

“A large number of women believed that breast cancer spread from using injections. Others believed that cancer spreads by wearing black clothing. The public needs to be given awareness about the disease,” she said.

She added that private hospitals charge Rs3,000 to Rs5,000 for each mammography, which the FBCSC provides for free. In addition, free BRCA-I and BRCA-II gene tests, which cost Rs50,0000, will be provided as part of a pilot project.

Dr Isani said the study targeted rural health centres and basic health units in Islamabad. In addition to informing women, lady health workers were trained as well.

“Not only were women on how they can do self examinations, as there is greater prevalence of breast cancer in Pakistan compared to Western countries, we also held ultrasounds for 1,908 women who were below the age of 40. Around 90pc of all women had breastfed their children,” she said.

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